Chacma Baboon * Kaapse Bobbejaan * Papio Ursinus

It is one of the largest of all monkeys. It is also one of the heaviest; the male weighs from 21 to 45 kg (46 to 99 lb) with an average of 31.8 kg (70 lb). The chacma baboon inhabits a wide array of habitats including woodland, savanna, steppes, and sub desert, from the grassy alpine slopes of the Drakensberg to the Kalahari desert.
By Bernard DUPONT from FRANCE - Chacma Baboon (Papio ursinus), CC BY-SA 2.0,
During the night, the chacma baboon sleeps atop steep hills, high cliffs or rocks or in large trees, away from nocturnal predators. In daytime, water availability may limit its range in arid areas. The chacma baboon is an omnivorous highly opportunistic feeder, and will eat practically anything; typical foods include fruits, seeds, grass, blossoms, bulbs, bark, insects, spiders, worms, grubs, rodents, birds, small antelope and even the Kalahari tuber (Kalahari Truffle, better known locally as Nabbas).

It is generally a scavenger when it comes to game meat, and rarely engages in hunting larger animals. The chacma baboon usually lives in social groups, called troops, which are composed of multiple adult males, adult females, and their offspring.

Dominance does play a role in group foraging decisions. A dominant individual (usually the alpha male) leads the group to easily monopolised resources. The group usually follows, even though many subordinate members cannot gain access to that particular resource.