S366 * Rose-ringed Parakeet or Ring-necked Parakeet or Indian Ringneck Parrot * Ringnekparkiet * Psittacula Krameri

By Sarbjit Bahga - Own work, CC BY-SA 4.0, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=118320187
Where does this species come from?
Southern Asia and sub-Saharan Africa.

What is its invasive status in South Africa?
NEMBA Category 2 (for caged birds); NEMBA Category 1b (feral birds)

Where in South Africa is it a problem?
Western Cape Province, Eastern Cape Province, KwaZulu-Natal Province, North West Province, Mpumalanga Province, and Gauteng Province.

How does it spread?
The pet trade is the only pathway by which rose-ringed parakeet is likely to establish feral populations.

Why is it a problem?
Ring-necked Parakeets are very noisy, especially at communal roosts. They cause considerable agricultural damage. They can compete for nest sites with native cavity nesters, and may carry diseases that could be harmful to poultry, native fauna and humans.
(*) https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Rose-ringed_parakeet
(*) https://ebird.org/species/rorpar
(*) https://search.macaulaylibrary.org/catalog?taxonCode=rorpar